Color theory - Paints and varnishes.

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  • Paints and varnishes.

    Paint work is used for paint and varnish materials. It is above all paints, enamels and varnishes, as well as a variety of primers and sealers. Paint covers the walls, floors, ceilings and window frames, doors and even concrete. Moreover, the paint used for both internal and external works. This material is quite practical and easy to use.

    Color theory - Paints and varnishes

    The secret life of any paint or enamel is covered in those components that are used in its manufacture. Most of the materials for painting, created the same pattern. Their composition must include a pigment, filler and binder base.

    Besides the three main ingredients, there are plenty of special additives which improve the properties of the material. Fire resistant defoamer for example, fungicides substances that protect the painted surface of the mold and mildew, solvents, and so on. Modern paints contain from 8 to 16 components.

    On how they are correctly matched and blended directly determines the level of product quality and purpose. Each ingredient performs a specific function, therefore, to choose the right paint, you need to know its composition.

    The most important part of any paint is a binding framework, that is, film former. Its intended purpose - to connect all the components of paint with each other and hook them to the surface. The most important performance will depend, primarily, from the film former.

    As a cohesive foundation most frequently used oil, varnish, emulsion and latex. It is these elements affect the stability, lifetime coverage, gloss and drying time, as well as painting the paint's properties.

    On the chemical composition of binder-based paint can be divided into four types: oil, alkyd, epoxy and latex. International standards are divided paint for interior and exterior work for another four classes.

    Color theory - Paints and varnishes

    Each of them meets certain performance requirements:

    - Colors of the 1st class designed for rooms that are small external influences and demands of the decorative mind that small.

    - Colors of the 2nd class designed for surfaces that are operated in ambient conditions. Basic requirements for paints of this class - wear resistance and wet cleaning.

    - Paints third class are used for objects that are exposed to intense external pressure, but because the painted surface must be water resistant and can withstand strong mechanical stress.

    - Colors of the 1st class designed for indoor walls, floors and ceilings which is highly chemical and physical treatments, so the surface must withstand the onslaught of water and chemicals, and in addition, also inhibit the formation of mold.

    Coating materials are classified also by their technological properties. The first such feature stands out paint as coverage. It determines the amount of paint needed to "hide" the contrast is usually black and white base.

    There are materials that allow you to hide the foundation for a single layer. They are marked by a rather high price, but less consumption. Although the choice of colors, do not forget that not acquired kilogram or liter, and the painted surface of this amount.

    Another important technological feature that determines the speed of the painting, is the drying time of paint. Usually this is indicated on the package, but it is worth remembering that all options are designed for ideal operating conditions: temperature, humidity, degree of surface preparation, and so on.

    In addition, technology that is easy of application, is related to parameters such as viscosity. That depends on him whether the paint to create streaks on vertical surfaces and dripping from the brush.


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